A year ago he was fined $10,000 and forfeited his first-round loser's cheque following a decision to walk off after losing the first set against Steve Johnson.
The Kyrgios fuse was blown when the umpire issued a soft warning early in the second set for his lack of effort.
Klahn eventually wrapped up the match in one hour and 17 minutes, winning 4-6 6-4 6-3.
With his ranking at 38 in the world, Kyrgios is now in danger of not being seeded for the Australian Open in January, with the top 32 players guaranteed to be seeded for the season's opening grand slam.
"I think it's really up to him where he wants to go and what his potential really holds". Dumusois then underlined to Kyrgios what he exactly meant: "You know exactly what I meant, Nick. You have no right to tell me that it's poor".
Federer, who admitted that the hard graft did not necessarily come naturally to him either, backed Kyrgios to "win bigger tournaments and do all these things".
Last night, the 23-year-old was dumped out of the Shanghai Masters, following a clash with an umpire who deemed his efforts to be 'borderline'.
Shanghai is not the only scene of a Kyrgios controversy.
"But there is still a process in place that he needs to do like any other player needs to go through in order to be successful", he added.
The Australian, who at times appeared largely disinterested in his 4-6, 6-4, 6-3 loss to American qualifier Bradley Klahn, engaged in a heated argument with chair umpire Damien Dumusois over the comment.
During his second-round match at the US Open in August, Kyrgios was given a pep-talk by umpire Mohamed Lahyani when he was trailing Pierre-Hugues Herbert by a set and a break.
"I think with Nick when he's fresh he plays great and it's about managing schedules as much as anything, so that he plays no more than three weeks in row and then he gets away from it", Woodbridge said at the launch for next year's Australian Open.
"There's a way of playing tennis on a tennis court". Scheduling is huge for him.