Prosecutors near Philadelphia want a judge to sentence the 81-year-old to five to 10 years in prison.
Cosby's defence is pushing instead for house arrest.
Prison officials will process Cosby at the nearby state prison in Schwenksville before determining in which of Pennsylvania's 22 male prisons he will serve his sentence, prison spokeswoman Amy Worden wrote in an email. However, judges are allowed to issue sentences beyond those guidelines.
The designation means the fallen funnyman will spend the rest of his life in periodic counseling and treatment, in addition to having to register for life with the state police.
Constand was the operations manager for Temple University's women's basketball program in the early '00s, and she said that Cosby invited her to his house under the pretense of advancing her career.
Constand writes in a victim-impact statement released Tuesday that Cosby's 2004 attack on her was just "the tip of the iceberg" for the suffering that followed. Bill Cosby has been charged as "sexually violent predator" for molesting a woman nearly 14 years ago at his Philadelphia mansion. Reactions to the sentence varied, with some saying they were glad the disgraced comedian was headed to prison, others saying he deserved more time, and a number of people drawing comparisons to other prominent figures accused of sexual misconduct.
Cosby arrived Monday and Tuesday with his spokespeople, Andrew Wyatt and Ebonee Benson. Mr. Cosby, this has all circled back to you. And he said the sentence should send a message to others. Mr. Cosby heard me.
Cosby's first trial in 2017 ended with a hung jury.
Cosby was deemed a danger to the community.
"The behaviors are beyond their controls, so they are urged to act on it".
A state panel had advised that Cosby be classified as a "sexually violent predator".
Defense attorneys challenged Dudley's assessment that he would reoffend, saying that his age and blindness made it unlikely.
Cosby's attorneys have already filed an appeal.
A forensics expert who analyzed the recording told Cosby's defense team that it was "not a true representation of the original content or conversation", according to Camille Cosby's statement. When the judge questioned the usually chatty comedian about whether he understood his decision not to address the court, he audibly answered, "Yes".
"This battle was about justice and our family feels that we have been vindicated", Gianna Constand said.
"The victims can not be un-raped". He said he understood, though he did inquire if he would need to personally notify Constand of his whereabouts.
Wyatt said that Cosby, once a beloved actor and comedian, had endured the "most racist and sexist trial" in the country's history. O'Neill last week denied the motion, calling it untimely and "wholly without merit", court records show.