Lunar eclipses also turn the Moon red, a phenomenon which is called a "blood Moon". Lunar eclipse 2018 will occur on the late hours of July 27 early hours of July 28. People in North America will not be able to see the blood moon. In fact, liquid water could have been present on the surface of the Moon for about 70 million years, according to the study.
At 17:14 Universal Time that night (3:37 p.m. ET), the Earth will slip directly between the sun and moon, casting an orange-red shadow on the full moon. "We are making arrangements for night sky observation on the terrace of the Priyadarshini Planetarium here from 12am to 3am", said Arul Jerald Prakash, director, Kerala State Science and Technology Museum (KSSTM).
In a attractive coincidence, on July 27, Mars will also appear large and bright in the sky as it moves towards its closest approach to Earth in 15 years.
"However instead of turning black as you might expect, the atmosphere of the Earth bends the light of the sun onto the moon causing it to turn a deep red colour".
If the weather cooperates, most of eastern Africa, the Middle East, and central Asia should see the full and total lunar eclipse on Friday.
Image of a total lunar eclipse captured in Malta in 2011 by Leonard Ellul Mercer. On the one hand, during its orbit, the Moon will be at its furthest distance from the Earth.
This eclipse will be the longest one of the 21st century, The full eclipse, which has been dubbed the Blood Moon in the press, will last one hour and 43 minutes, and with the partial eclipse and penumbra phases, it will be almost four hours.
In addition, experiments could be conducted in simulated lunar environments on Earth and on the International Space Station to see if microorganisms can survive under the environmental conditions predicted to have existed on the early Moon.
In the period immediately following the formation of the Moon, it was likely producing an abundance of water vapor which, scientists say, may have been enough for larger bodies of water to collect on its surface. It's possible that meteorites containing bacteria could have been blasted off the surface of Earth onto the moon.
Rain clouds and thunderstorms could prevent skygazers from seeing the "blood moon" lunar eclipse on Friday as forecasters warn of torrential downpours across eastern parts of Great Britain. It will appear a bright coppery-red colour because as the sun's rays travel through our atmosphere the blue light gets scattered more easily than the red light - so more of the red light gets through.
"We should have a coppery red tint on the moon with Mars the "Red Planet" just next to it, very bright and with a slight orange hue itself", he said.
Fortunately, Indians will be able to watch the total eclipse from start to finish.
The entire eclipse will also be visible from all parts of India.