USA companies are hiring at a rapid pace and consumer and business spending remains healthy, the Fed noted, and core inflation is finally expected to hit the central bank's target of 2 per cent this year. Borrowers are likely to see higher bills next month on credit cards and mortgages, especially those with adjustable rates.
The US Federal Reserve has raised its benchmark lending rate, the second increase of the year.
The US central bank moved the target range for its federal funds rate to 1.75 per cent to two per cent.
The Fed stopped that in 2014 and has made a start on reducing its holdings of trillions of dollars' worth of assets.
The rate increase was in line with investors' expectations and showed policymakers' confidence in the economy's growth prospects, continued low unemployment and steady inflation. That reflects the fact that the USA recovery after the crisis has been stronger, and inflation is getting closer to the Fed's target. The currency pair is trading at 1.3003 after the U.S. Federal Reserve raised borrowing costs by 25 basis points.
However, higher rates would help savers earn more interest on their deposits.
"Job gains have been strong, on average, in recent months, and the unemployment rate has declined", the Fed said in its latest policy statement.
The statement said that "further gradual increases" would be necessary to keep inflation stable near its symmetric target of two per cent. "The Fed is prepared to be quicker about pushing rates higher".
Fed boss Powell sounded optimistic about the economy is his press conference Wednesday.
Consumer loans growth in April was 5.1% YoY, sustaining the strong momentum we saw since in November. The Fed's new projection sees inflation at 2.1 percent, compared with 1.9 percent in its March forecast. United States crude inventories came in way under expectations with a drawdown of 4.1 million barrels when a shortage of 1.4 million was forecasted. The committee's forecast for the long-run sustainable growth rate of the economy held at 1.8 per cent, suggesting policy makers are skeptical of the effect of tax cuts on the economy's capacity for growth.
The Fed is gradually raising rates and will soon reach what officials think is the neutral level, the policy setting that neither stokes nor slows growth.
The current economic expansion is the second-longest in US history, and will set a record if it lasts a bit more than a year longer. Consistent with its statutory mandate, the Committee seeks to foster maximum employment and price stability. Risks to the economic outlook appear roughly balanced.
Fast-forward to April of this year when data showed that US job openings jumped to a record high, far outpacing hiring.
Unemployment estimates have been a question mark for some time - the USA central bank has lowered the long-run estimate by about a percentage point over the past 5 years - but the stakes are now higher.