The Indian government considers a village to be electrified if basic infrastructure such as schools are connected to the grid as well as at least 10% of households.
Meanwhile, Congress further released figures which stated that India has 6,49,867 villages and it was Congress that connected 97 per cent with electricity.
A village is said to be electrified if the penetration rate of power access is more than 10% of households in the village. The target for the scheme is March 31, 2019.
As of 2014, roughly 270 million Indians were living without access to the power, according to a World Bank report released previous year.
"Both sides share the view that the worldwide landscape is undergoing profound changes, the relative power of countries is heading towards greater balance, and peace and development represent an irreversible trend".
Only 1416 villages have achieved 100% household connectivity. About 82% have electricity as of Monday, according to its real-time progress tracker. The DDUGJY website as of February 2018 noted that while 99.8% of census villages had been electrified, "intensive electrification" had been completed in around 80% of villages.
In a bid to give a boost to the rural electrification programme, Modi had launched the Saubhagya Yojna, which was an ambitious scheme to ensure ghar ghar bijli (Electricity for all homes). "So they have been able to accomplish in four and a half year, what we accomplished in a year".
"In reality, a large chunk of the population still lacks reliable access to power", said Shilan Shah, a senior India economist at Capital Economics.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday announced that all villages in India have been connected with power. Only reason you are saying that there is power surplus because there is no more demand from SEBs.
"With rising incomes and growth, voters have greater expectations", said Min, who teaches political science at the University of MI.
However, the government's definition of rural electrification is being debated.
The Sena, a key constituent of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance, has been clashing with and criticising the BJP and PM Modi over many of its policies and decisions. It helped that 577,000 villages already had access to electricity before the pledge was made. While electricity has reached villages, the quality of supply remains an issue because loss-making state distribution companies often cut supplies to reduce losses. State distribution companies were saddled with accumulated debts of nearly 4.1 trillion rupees ($61.7 billion) as of March 2015, according to the power ministry's latest annual report.
Lack of political interference would allow discoms to improve billing and revenue collections, revise tariffs to reflect costs and crack down on electricity theft, according to Abhishek Jain, an analyst at New Delhi-based Council on Energy, Environment and Water.
Following the meeting, India's Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said the icebreaking meetings will have a "positive impact" on a number of thorny issues that have bogged down the two uneasy Asian neighbours. The two countries will work together to enhance stable and balanced development of major-country relations, advance stability, development and prosperity of Asia in the 21st century, promote the rejuvenation of the oriental civilization and make a positive contribution to global peace and development.