Reports claim Israel was notified about the strikes ahead of time, but Netanyahu says he does not believe his country helped the U.S., France and the United Kingdom choose what areas to target. The armed Iranian-backed Shi'ite movement Hezbollah, which has an extensive missile arsenal, last fought a war with Israel in 2006.
The internal strife in Syria has provided fertile ground for Iran to enter and use the territory as a stepping stone for military attacks on Israel.
But with negotiations continuing over a deal with Uganda, Israel's Interior Ministry - which has faced court challenges by rights groups over the detentions - issued a statement on Sunday saying it would begin releasing the migrants.
Netanyahu also called on Western powers to take the same approach toward preventing "terrorist states" from acquiring nuclear weapons, referring to Israel's main enemy Iran.
Also on Sunday, two Israeli ministers said their country would continue to act to prevent Iran from establishing itself militarily in Syria.
But "Iran is trying to take advantage of the Shiite-Sunni conflict within Syria in order to create a reality in Syria that will enable it to attack Israel, so in practice it's not totally separated", she told Xinhua.
The premier said he spoke with May on Saturday night following the joint strikes, which targeted three alleged chemical weapons facilities in Syria.
Syrian President Bashar Assad has denied that his troops used chemical weapons and threatened to "crush terrorism" throughout his country.
"If it is a multi-phased attack on Syria, we will see an Iranian response against Israel", said Dr. Dina Lisnyansky from the Political Studies Department at Bar Ilan University in Israel.
Hezbollah, like Iran and Russian Federation, is backing Assad in the war.
Israel has mounted air strikes in Syria on a regular basis, targeting suspected weapons shipments to Lebanese Hezbollah.
Other sources expressed concerns over Russia's reaction to the attack.
The Syrian army said its air defenses shot down most of the 110 missiles fired in the attack.