Google released three Doodles for today, depending on a user's geographic location. He was born in 1922 in a tiny village of about 100 people in what is modern Pakistan. His actual date of birth is unknown but is shown in documents as January 9, 1922.
His Nobel in Physiology or Medicine came in 1968, while he was at the University of Wisconsin, and he was jointly awarded with colleagues working independently, Robert Holley and Marshall Nirenberg. Dr. Khorana died on November 9, 2011 at 89 years old. In 1972, Khorana was also recognised for the construction of the first artificial gene, while four years later he announced that he had gotten an artificial gene to function within a bacterial cell. The prize was shared with Drs.
His research led to greater understanding of the makeup of human DNA. His father's commitment, Khorana believed, springboarded him out of poverty in India to become a beloved giant of the scientific world. He was the youngest of five children.
-At the University of British Columbia, Khorana and a group of scientists began to work in the field of biology. The Khoranas were the only literate family in the village with almost 100 people. Through scholarships, Khorana eventually earned his doctorate in organic chemistry at the age of 26 - and then began his worldwide academic career, conducting research in Canada, England, and Switzerland before settling in the United States.
In 1945, with a fellowship from the Indian government, he left for England to pursue a PhD at the University of Liverpool. Through his experiments on nucleic acids-the lettered molecules that make up our genes-he unambiguously confirmed that the genetic code is composed of 64 distinct three-letter "words" that dictate the order of amino acids in proteins.
-Married to Swiss Esther Elizabeth Sibler, Khorana's biography praised Sibler for bringing a "consistent sense of purpose.at a time when, [Har] Khorana felt out of place everywhere and at home nowhere".
In 1966, he became a naturalized citizen of the U.S. and also received the prestigious National Medal of Science award. While scholarships made his schooling possible, his achievements were obtained through perseverance and teamwork.