However, the overall number of worldwide students studying in the USA still increased.
"Actually the main reason (for) this shift is because of the politics", Rawat said. The preliminary report results doesn't mention Trump at all, and other, positive data from 2016 is presented first (the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs is involved in the creation of the report). "Everyone is skeptical (about the) travel ban - (or) if there is any kind of ban".
No one factor led to the decline in new students, Goodman said during a phone conference with reporters last week.
Ohio's ranking for foreign student enrollment has remained unchanged for several years. Two Indian engineers were shot in a Kansas bar in February, and one of them died.
In the previous three years, the increases have been 8.1 percent, 9.5 percent and 8.7 percent, the Chicago Tribune reported. And 24 percent reported no change, the preliminary Open Doors report data read.
Among public institutions, Arizona State University, with an global student population of 13,164, the University of IL at 12,454 and University of California Los Angeles at 12,199 placed in the top three, respectively.
At Ohio State, International Education Week is celebrated with a number of activities supported by the Office of International Affairs, which oversees Ohio State's education overseas programs and international student and scholar services.
A decrease could affect the economy in the country, particularly in areas where universities play an outsize role.
These students' spending in all 50 states contributed $39 billion to the 2016 USA economy, according to the NAFSA - Association of International Educators. This is an increase of 21,000 over the past year and a growth of 12%, one of the highest rates of growth in the world. That was the first decrease in 12 years since the report was first written. She said a range of factors play into the decrease in 2017.
He cited increased costs to attend USA colleges; competition from schools in other countries, especially the U.K., Canada, Australia and Germany; visa delays or denials in visas; as well as the social and political climate in the US may play a part in fewer enrollments.
Meanwhile, IIE President and CEO Allan E. Goodman said that many countries around the world were competing to attract top talent.
The overall number of foreign students in the United States continued to rise, however, increasing by 3% as many global students remained in the USA on postgraduate training visas. "But it is critical for USA institutions to set strategic goals and be proactive in reaching out to students and families in a wide range of countries in the coming year, and for the United States to keep its academic doors open to students from all over the world".
Notwithstanding the mounting uncertainties over career prospects for foreign professionals in the United States, the rush of Indian students flocking to American universities continues unabated, recording a 12.3 per cent growth during 2016-17.
At the University of Florida, new worldwide enrollment - mostly graduate students - fell this fall to about 1,270 students, from about 1,880 the previous year.