"They laid down the theoretical foundations of gravitational-wave sources and paved the way in the design of the instruments to detect these sources".
With Tuesday's announcement, the total number of Physics Nobel Prize recipients has increased to 206 (the total number of Prizes is 207; John Bardeen received the award twice).
Kip S. Thorne, born 1940 in Logan, UT, USA. Ph.D. And even these women didn't get "full" prizes.
Three U.S. -based astrophysicists won the Nobel prize in physics Tuesday for their discovery of gravitational waves, a phenomenon Albert Einstein predicted a century ago in his theory of general relativity. They told the world a year ago that they had spotted gravitational waves travelling through the universe, which were caused by two massive black holes circling around each other before eventually colliding.
"If this gives people who are not me but others the credential to be able to stand out and say, 'Listen to this, ' that is valuable", Weiss, who won half the $1.1 million prize, said in a phone interview.
By far one of the favourites for the prize, the award was split between the three, with one half going to Weiss and the other half jointly awarded to Barish and Thorne.
"LIGO is no ordinary telescope for detecting light and other electromagnetic radiation from space". They also motivated generations of scientists to answer the call to gravitational-wave astronomy and provided the political courage to undertake the task.
The LIGO project consists of more than 1000 researchers from at least 20 countries. Topology, as The Washington Post reported, is the study of state changes more intricate than the pivot from liquid to solid.
They monitor the distance between mirrors precisely positioned at the ends of the arms. But with gravitational waves, "you can see these events".
But the three researchers emphasized that over a thousand people have worked at LIGO over the years.
PRL is one of several publications produced by the American Physical Society and American Institute of Physics. He'd been up in the early morning hours in the hope that the trio would win. The scientists met with local hunting clubs, and made one simple request: "Don't shoot the observatory".
All three are now part of an exclusive club containing 204 previous winners of the Physics Nobel Prize.
"This year's prize is about a discovery that shook the world", said the Nobel committee representative Göran K. Hansson during a conference in Stockholm today.
Thorne said he's pleased to represent "this superb team that's pulled this off".
Any object they pass through expands and contracts by a minute degree as space vibrates.
"Then my cellphone started ringing".
The signal was extremely weak when it reached Earth, but is already promising a revolution in astrophysics. Multi-messenger astronomy holds the answers to untold astronomical questions, including how the universe was formed. "LIGO wouldn't have happened without his leadership", says Stanley Whitcomb, a physicist at Caltech and an original member of LIGO. The culmination of so many decades of work was starting to shape up. An award in economics, not one of the original prizes but now conducted in memory of Alfred Nobel, will be announced Monday. There are also prizes for economics and for peace.