The agreement has been beneficial for Iran's economy, opening it to foreign markets and the worldwide financial system, said Ahmad Khalid Majidyar, who previously taught Middle East issues to US and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation military leaders at the Naval Postgraduate School's Leader Development and Education for Sustained Peace program.
As Common Dreams reported Sunday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani warned that new sanctions or any other violation of the nuclear accord would effectively kill the deal and earn the US condemnation from "the entire world". Experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will monitor nuclear facilities in Iran for the next 25 years. "This is not the way of making deals, not in foreign policy, not in private businesses and I think [US] President [Donald] Trump understands that perfectly well", she said. The president says he believes they are not following the "spirit" of the deal.
The officials discussing the details and timing of the announcement spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss internal deliberations. While the president is required to certify the deal every 90 days, that certification is not part of the deal. In effect, it would be walking away unilaterally.
"If we withdraw from the deal now, Iran would be free today from the constraints on their program and the intrusive inspections that the JCPOA puts into place", he said.
He has criticized the agreement's "sunset clauses", under which some restrictions on Iran's nuclear program would expire over time. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., would demand that the intelligence community produce judgments on a wide range of Iranian behavior that is not covered by the nuclear deal, including ballistic missile testing and development and threats to Israel and the Mideast more broadly.
She said that U.S. would lose global trust "because a deal that America voted for just two years ago in the UN Security Council with a resolution unanimously adopted, a deal that America helped to shape enormously, enormously, would be rejected by the same country".
As long as Iran honors the terms of the deal, the European side will do the same, Mogherini and Gabriel added. Iran has said it may exit the deal if the USA withdraws.
"We will see what happens pretty soon", said Trump, who must announce his decision on whether to certify Iran's compliance by the end of the week. Those provisions relate to enriching uranium to levels near those needed to produce the fuel for a nuclear weapon, as well as other activities that limit Iran's atomic capabilities at various sites. Decertifying the nuclear deal threatens to further escalate tensions between the two nations.
"If the feeling is that the United States no longer supports the agreement, then the political reality is that the agreement will be in serious jeopardy and its implementation will be very hard", a senior French diplomat said. Under a new version being negotiated with Congress, he would have to endorse the deal less frequency but the U.S. intelligence community would have to assess whether Iran is carrying out covert activity in facilities not visited by the IAEA.
Murphy said pulling out of the Iran deal would make a peaceful settlement of the North Korea standoff more hard.
A Twitter feud that erupted this week between Trump and Corker could complicate the efforts by the influential Republican to broker a deal that would likely require both Democratic and Republican support.