US Expected Keep Iran Nuclear Deal in Place for Now


US Expected Keep Iran Nuclear Deal in Place for Now

According to sources, US President Donald Trump will not cancel the sanction relief for Iran as part of the 2015 nuclear deal.

Nikki Haley, the USA ambassador to the United Nations, last week laid out a scenario under which Trump would keep the the deal but refuse to certify Iran's compliance with it, kicking the problem to Congress and forcing it to decide whether to reimpose sanctions that were eased under the agreement.

The sanctions waivers are one of America's obligations under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, which offered Iran relief from crippling worldwide sanctions in exchange for inspections of its nuclear facilities and limits on its nuclear capabilities.

Tillerson said the US still hasn't made a decision about Iran's compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, as it's required to do every 90 days. "The agency continues to verify the non-diversion of nuclear material declared by Iran under its Safeguards Agreement".

In a speech last week, US ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley laid out how and why the administration might decertify the agreement, citing Iran's other malign activities, such as support for terrorism.

Iran on Tuesday rejected the notion that the United Nations nuclear watchdog has the right to request access to its military sites, calling into question again the Obama administration's contention that it had negotiated with Tehran the "most robust and intrusive" regime of inspections ever. They also come as the Trump administration is finalizing an interagency review of its broader policy toward Iran, of which the JCPOA is just one aspect.

Trump has publicly contemplated withholding certification of the JCPOA in mid-October regardless of Iranian actions, which would nearly certainly upend the nuclear accord by triggering the reinstatement of nuclear sanctions.

For more than a decade before the JCPOA was concluded, Iran refused to allow the IAEA access to sites including one at Parchin, an installation near Tehran where the agency suspected the Iranians had tested high explosive components for a nuclear weapon.

Speaking to reporters in Vienna, Amano stressed that that principle "applies to all countries, including Iran". That would very likely shift the focus to Tehran - and to Congress, which could move to impose new sanctions on Iran.

Nauert did not specify which sanctions the administration had waived.

With more hawkish voices no longer holding senior positions in the White House and the deadline approaching, opponents are vying for the president's ear, promoting their stance in the public arena.

The Trump White House's threats to dismantle the JCPOA are tremendously risky for the US and the entire world.

The U.S. still maintains numerous sanctions against Iran over its ballistic-missile program and as a state sponsor of terrorism. There have been reports that there's a debate going on within the Trump administration regarding whether to decertify. Trump has criticized the deal, but some of his top advisers believe he should preserve it.

But with Trump having recently sent less-than-subtle signals that he aims to ditch the agreement, those who played an outsize role in brokering it were issuing dire warnings about what that would mean for both U.S. credibility and regional stability.

The waivers were first issued by the Obama administration and are America's part of the deal's central bargain.



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