Making matters worse, there are no good options going forward. "So much for China working with us - but we had to give it a try!"
North Korea is producing plutonium for its nuclear weapons as Pyongyang continues to clash with its enemies.
For instance, a ballistic missile that North Korea launched in May reached an altitude of more than 2,000km, said the Nikkei. Presidents Clinton, G.W. Bush, and Obama all relied upon China to pressure Pyongyang - with no evidence to date of any influence.
Tensions rose after North Korea's test this month of an intercontinental ballistic missile that could reach the USA mainland. "We absolutely disagree on that", he said. USA officials have said a military solution isn't off the table.
The North's foreign ministry said in a statement carried by the official KCNA news agency that the ICBM test was an exercise of its legitimate right to self-defense against nuclear threat from the United States.
She told the Security Council last week that the U.S. planned a new resolution that would also ensure existing measures are enforced.
All diplomatic efforts and sanctions to arrest this North Korean menace have thus far proven fruitless. Since taking power in 2011 he has not met with world leaders, or even ventured outside his isolated kingdom. Ed Markey, D-Mass., U.S. Sen.
China has always been the North's main diplomatic defender but increasingly expresses frustration with leader Kim Jong Un's provocative behavior. Both clearly want to loosen America's global alliances, and they often back each other in U.N. Security Council resolutions.
"We hope all relevant sides can make sure that they are clear that Security Council sanctions imposed on North Korea are not comprehensive economic sanctions".
North Korea is believed to possess hundreds of missiles capable of striking South Korea and Japan.
The draft white paper also touched on China. It is the first such offer under South Korea's new president, Moon Jae-in, who signaled his willingness to talk with Pyongyang during his campaign earlier this year. But he has achieved little progress, with North Korea test-firing a series of newly developed missiles. Notably, this other new rocket's high-performance liquid-fueled engine appears to have been developed from scratch rather than by adapting a Russian or Chinese design.
Since 2008, photographer Eric Lafforgue ventured to North Korea six times.