On the other side China aggressively asserted that they are not ready for any "compromise" and that the "ball is in India's court", the view in the security establishment here is that there can not be any unilateral approach in defusing the tension. He also said that both countries must not allow differences to spiral out of control and become a dispute.
While the Chinese state media have carried a barrage of critical articles on the Doka La standoff criticising India, this was the first time Pakistan and Kashmir have been brought into the narrative.
Dokalam is a disputed area that lies close to where the three countries of India (Sikkim), Bhutan and China meet. China claims that Indian troops have transgressed into their territory while Bhutan and India accuse China of adopting an aggressive stance in the region. Jaishankar offered a "tour de horizon" of India's relations with the ASEAN region demonstrating that it was not only China's to play with. The road link could give China a major military advantage over India. India has interpreted China's infrastructure construction in Tibet as having a geopolitical intention against India. "This matters to India as much as it does to ASEAN nations, and indeed to the entire world".
A territorial dispute along the China-India border is threatening to turn into a military conflict between the two nuclear-armed nations. It highlights China's sincerity and effort to maintain peace as a responsible big power. "But in the last 40 years, not a single bullet has been fired because of border dispute", Modi said in a panel discussion at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
"In truth, the India-China relationship by now has acquired so many dimensions and so much substance that reducing it to black and white argumentation can not be a serious proposition", he said.
"India is de facto responsible for Bhutan's security", explains Sameer Patil, the director of Gateway House, an Indian foreign policy think tank.
State-controlled media have been adding fuel to fire between Pakistan and India in the Kashmir issue. At the same time, let us be clear what is not happening: "the U.S. is not withdrawing from the world". This has undermined the political basis for bilateral relations. But India may overestimate the influence of Tibetan exiles.
The army has pitched in tents, indicating that they are unlikely to retreat unless there was reciprocity from China's People's Liberation Army personnel in ending the face-off at an altitude of around 10,000 feet in the Sikkim section. The space for Tibetan separatists has been largely squeezed as more Western countries have snubbed the Dalai Lama. "The Tibet card is gradually losing its value", it said. "If you look at the position articulated it is centered around our concerns and legitimate interests on this matter", he said.