Following the announcement of Gorsuch's nomination to the court, Amanda Knief, American Atheists" national legal director, released a statement noting that "Americans deserve better than a judge who would prioritize the "religious beliefs' of a corporation over the right of a woman to make healthcare decisions for herself and the bigotry of some over the fundamental human rights of vulnerable communities".
Mere hours after Gorsuch's hearings came to an end, Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., announced that his party would filibuster Gorsuch's nomination.
Why Gorsuch had to pass through the eye of the needle is the prospect of the Republicans, standard bearers of the conservative cause, wielding power in three branches of government - the White House, Congress, and now, the nine-member Supreme Court.
Having a ninth justice, an odd number that will prevent tie votes, is something that had been missing for almost 14 months since Justice Antonin Scalie died in February 2016, Loewy said. Republicans just overrode a rare Democratic filibuster of a Supreme Court nominee; Democrats may in turn be even more motivated to block anything else Republicans want to do.
Relentless, harsh and wholly unmerited-such were the attacks against Judge Neil Gorsuch.
Collins said the issue of filibustering nominees had become so politically fraught that there was little trust between the two sides, causing the talks to collapse earlier this week.
Among the petitions now pending is Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, an important case about an individual's right to not be forced by the government to act in violation of his or her religious beliefs.
Following a year-long pitched partisan battle, Judge Neil Gorsuch was confirmed by the Senate on Friday to fill Antonin Scalia's Supreme Court seat.
Sen. Johnny Isakson (R-Ga.), who has been recovering from back surgery, was absent from the vote. McConnell refused to hold hearings for President Barack Obama's nominee. His ascension will restore the nation's highest court to its 5-4 conservative majority.
Speaking on the Senate floor on Friday ahead of the vote, Mr McConnell said that Mr Gorsuch had "sterling credentials, an excellent record and an ideal judicial temperament". Many Democrats were still tight over Garland being passed over, as they should be, and noted that Gorsuch was super conservative.
Hatch has played a key role in the confirmation of 14 high court nominees. As soon as April 13, he could take part in his first private conference, where justices decide whether to hear cases - and some of them could involve gun rights, voting rights and a Colorado baker's refusal to design a cake for a same-sex couple's wedding. When Trump named Gorsuch in late January, the choice quickly won praise from groups like the Club for Growth, the Koch brothers-backed Americans for Prosperity and the National Rifle Association.
Some Republicans even credit the Supreme Court vacancy as one reason Trump won the November election.
Many of Trump's policies have also been stymied, from the court-ordered freezes of his travel ban to the collapse of his plan to repeal and replace Obamacare.
At 49, he is decades younger than several of the other justices - two are in their 80s and one is 78.
Even as they united in indignation, lawmakers of both parties, pulled by fierce political forces from left and right, were unwilling to stop the confirmation rules change.
McConnell was overruled, but he appealed the ruling. Orrin Hatch among those paving the way in a largely party line vote.
"We have actually restored the status quo", said Republican Senator John Cornyn of Texas, noting that filibusters of Supreme Court nominees were nearly unheard of prior to Trump's selection.
The developments were accompanied by unusually bitter accusations and counter-accusations. And in many ways the showdown had been pre-ordained, the final chapter in years of partisan warfare over judicial nominees.