Park becomes South Korea's first democratically elected leader to be forced from office, capping months of paralysis and turmoil over the corruption scandal that also landed the head of the Samsung conglomerate in detention and on trial. It was an unusually quick response from the rogue nation, which typically waits days to report global news, according to Reuters.
The Constitutional Court formally removed impeached President Park Geun-hye in a stunning fall from grace for the country's first female leader.
At least 13 additional countries have had women leaders who held office for less than a year, according to a separate analysis by Pew Research Center.
The Korean War, which started in 1950, saw a stop to fighting in 1953 - but the countries never signed a peace treaty, meaning they are still technically at war. North Korea's push to expand its missile arsenal has only made the situation worse, analysts have said. He has vowed that if elected, he will visit arch-rival North Korea before ally the U.S., is against a controversial American anti-missile shield system that can spy on China and seeks sweeping reform of chaebols, the conglomerates that dominate the economy and are widely seen as getting preferential treatment from politicians.
The confirmation of the removal and the calling of new elections as provided for in the South Korean constitution come at a hard time for the country. Gary Ross, a Pentagon spokesman, reported.
Touching on the rival rallies among pro- and anti-Park protesters, Hwang said now is the time to end conflict and confrontation, asking all of people to respect the court's decision.
Chief Justice Lee Jung-Mi said that Park's actions had "seriously impaired the spirit of representative democracy and the rule of law".
"The removal of the claimee from office is overwhelmingly to the benefit of the protection of the constitution", he said.
A panel of eight judges with the country's apex constitutional court had deliberated Ms Park's impeachment before deciding there was sound reason for her dismissal.
Prosecutors had accused Park of being an accomplice in a case involving her close friend Choi Soon-sil, who was charged with forcing businesses into donating money to foundations under Park's control. But if more than three justices rule against impeachment, Park will regain her powers until the next regular presidential election on December 20.
The Court's eight justices had reflected on the case on a near daily basis since their final hearing on February 27, Yonhap News reported. China has curbed travel to South Korea and targeted Korean companies operating in the mainland, prompting retaliatory measures from Seoul. Moon Jae-in, liberal and leader of the Democratic Party, is now ahead in the polls.