PM Narendra Modi headed Union Cabinet has given its approval to ratify Paris Agreement (on Climate Change) on the day of Gandhi Jayanti.
"Today the Cabinet made a decision to ratify the Paris Agreement", Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar later told reporters.
At least 61 countries have ratified the protocol, but to implement the agreement countries that make up at least 55 per cent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions need to adhere to the protocol.
He said there was a shortfall of 3.5 percent to cross the "55 per cent pollution barrier" and it will be crossed with India's decision to ratify the agreement.
He said Fiji would use its leadership position as holder of the Office of the President of the General Assembly to do everything possible to secure the rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement and spur climate action. He said, "India had submitted its INDCs to the United Nations on Mahatma Gandhi's birth anniversary, and we will submit the official assent for ratification on the same date this year".
The deal on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which has the backing of nearly 200 countries, takes effect once it is ratified by at least 55 nations that make up at least 55 percent of global carbon dioxide emissions.
Noting that the four-year period between 2016 and 2020 is also important, Mr. Javadekar said that India has played its part and now will remind the global community that their pre-2020 actions are also important. It is a common resolve to keep temperature rise below two degrees Celsius. The deal appears to be getting high priority treatment from politicians all over the world, despite the many other issues vying for their attention. "India's decision to ratify the agreement will take the number of cumulative level of emission of countries that have ratified the agreement so far to 51.89 per cent", said an official statement.
Paris Agreement was adopted by 185 nations a year ago on 12 December 2015 and India signed the Paris Agreement in NY on 22 April 2016.