On Feb. 17, 2015, Ryan Bundy tailed an Arizona-based BLM fire crew that was traveling through Bunkerville, Nev., to their project site in Pakoon Springs, Nev.
According to the indictment, Cliven Bundy was the "leader, organizer and chief beneficiary" of the conspiracy and assault.
All five are now being held without bail at the Multnomah County Detention Center in Portland, according to jail records. Bundy demanded the driver show proof that the cattle did not come from his father's ranch, and then let him proceed.
"Today marks a tremendous step toward ending more than 20 years of law breaking", said Bureau of Land Management Director Neil Kornze in a statement, referring to Cliven Bundy's longstanding dispute with his agency.
"Raised in the wild, Bundy's cattle are left to fend for themselves year-round, fighting off predators and scrounging for the meager amounts of food and water available in the hard and arid terrain that comprises the public lands in that area of the country", it adds. Bundy does not vaccinate or adequately feed the cows and doesn't know where all of them are, the document says.
More than 300 million acres of land in 13 Western states is public land managed by the federal government.
Ammon Edward Bundy, 40, of Emmett, Idaho, and his brother Ryan C. Bundy, 43, of Bunkerville, Nevada, are among 16 people indicted in the OR standoff, and each of the 16 defendants face a federal felony count of conspiracy to impede officers of the United States from discharging their official duties through the use of force, intimidation OR threats, the FBI said.
The five men, who face an array of felony charges, were described as the leaders of the "massive armed assault" against federal officers outside the Bundy ranch near Bunkervile on April 12, 2014.
Bundy, who refused to pay grazing fees for his herd, had some 400 head of cattle seized by the Bureau of Land Management beginning on April 5.
Near the conclusion of the showdown at the Malheur Wildlife Refuge last week, as the final straggling rebels raised their hands in surrender, Cliven Bundy, the architect of false-government-defiance in the name of rancher's rights, was arrested in Portland, Oregon, while trying to join his anti-gov. cowboy buddies.
Cliven Bundy could spend the rest of his life in prison if he's convicted.
Ammon Bundy's lawyer, Mike Arnold, told The Oregonian Wednesday evening he had anticipated the indictments but declined comment on the specific charges, saying he hadn't yet read them.
"As of the date of this hearing, he continues to violate federal court orders and continues to possess the proceeds of his illegal activities", prosecutors said. In the standoff Bundy's armed supporters allegedly went so far as to take up sniper positions overlooking the agents.
"Bundy uses that entire range of land to graze his cattle unlawfully", prosecutor said in court papers.
The Department of Justice spent the last two years collecting information, including Cliven Bundy's news interviews before his arrest.